In Indonesia, recognition of access to information is a human right. It is stated in the constitution of the 1945 Constitution in Article 28F, Law no. 39 of 1999 concerning Human Rights Article 14 paragraphs (1) and (2), as well as Law no. 28 of 1999 concerning the Implementation of a Clean and KKN-free State in Article 9 Paragraph (1). Recognition of access to information as a human right is also stated in article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and article 19 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1946.
To encourage public information disclosure, Law no. 14 of 2008 concerning Public Information Disclosure (UU KIP) which was ratified by the Indonesian House of Representatives on April 3, 2008. The UU KIP came into effect on May 1, 2010 and was born with the basis and purpose that information is a basic need of every person for personal development and social environment as well as part of the community. important part of national security in accordance with Article 28F of the 1945 Constitution.
Disclosure of public information is also one of the important elements for the realization of good governance or good governance in the administration of government. Good Governance is defined as the effective management of all kinds of public affairs through the making of legal regulations and/or policies in order to promote societal values. In the disclosure of public information, there are several principles that can realize Good Governance, namely the principles of participation, transparency, and accountability.